The basics of special education
Special education is consists of an education program that is modified to suit students that need help. It is most commonly used for students with learning disabilities, mental health problems of gifted students that can grow to their full potential in normal schools. Special education systems usually modify their methods according to the need of each student. Some pupils may need extra help when trying to learn a certain lesson, some need more stimulation or others need supplementary tasks in order to perform at their true value.
In some countries associations were funded in order to protect the rights of children with disabilities. These associations force the education authorities to help any child that wants to study but has a disability. Special education is been around for centuries. People used to take special care of children that needed help to study. But in the 1960's the eugenics movement slowed down the evolution of Special education. Eugenics is a form of philosophy that sustains that taking care of people with disabilities stops the evolution of society. But according to behaviorism, the scientific approach, no matter what kind of disability, children can learn trough Special education.
Usually, kids go do school from the age 6 or 7, but after some studies, it was decided that kids with disabilities should begin a Special education as early as possible in order to evolve properly. In 1975, the Education for All Handicapped Children Act stated that all the United States schools should provide assistance to children with special needs. The act later changed its name to Individuals with Disabilities Education Act in 1986. The act change the way of Special education and started a few theories for a better society. One of the most interesting ideas was that all schools should be prepared for any learning disability and that all children should learn together no matter if they needed Special education or not. The level of care for people with learning disorders or special needs has grow to such extent that the services are now available even for adults, based on the interventions of the persons family.
Most commonly they include school activist modified to be appropriate for adults and not simply children that need help.
The most advanced countries in this field are the United States and Scotland. The level of Special education differs from country to country and that has a direct connection with the level of society acceptance. The countries that offer Special education have many different programs according to each persons needs. They can include integrated classes, therapy, family meetings or special equipment. Special education can only be provided by specialized personnel and with special resources. Swimming pools and sensor rooms are very effective and necessary for therapy. Their effects are important in the evolution of a child's condition. Most of the special schools have a counselor or a therapist.
However, in the last years special schools are not that important, since in some areas, teens with disabilities are included into mainstream education and join normal schools. But there will always be some kids that need special attention and a normal school can only do them harm.
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Published by: Groshan Fabiola
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