Learning Disability Disorders
Publicado por: Rene Graeber
At first glance, 5-year-old David might look like your typical preschooler who is gleefully running, jumping, and playing until he dropped.
Upon closer observation, David's teacher noticed that something was amiss. Whenever the teacher gave instructions for a class activity, David would just stare at her with brows curved, as if wondering what she was saying. The teacher would then repeat the instructions slowly and clearly. Still, there would be no sign of comprehension on his part. He would simply murmur a huh? and go on with what he was doing.
Once, the teacher asked him some questions about a story they had just read in class. He answered with bits and pieces of what he recalled, beginning with the middle part. A few months later, David was diagnosed with having a learning disability.
Learning Disability Defined.
A learning disability or LD is a neurological disorder that affects the ability to understand. A person with LD has difficulty in comprehending oral or written language and answering mathematical problems. His brain functions are altered, hence affecting the brain's wiring altogether.
People diagnosed with a learning disability generally have difficulty focusing attention and exhibit immature motor coordination. Learning disabilities vary from one individual to another in severity and complexity. Some studies show that it is generic.
Most children with learning disabilities are scattered and extremely disorganized. They have trouble in reading, writing, reasoning, recalling information, and spelling. These are only some of the many processes that are directly affected by this neurological disorder.
If your child has been diagnosed with LD, what's your next step?
Parents and teachers are among the first to notice if there are delays or deviations in a child's emotional, behavioral, or cognitive development. However, the person who officially diagnoses a child for developmental delays is either a developmental pediatrician or a psychologist. After positive diagnosis, parents are then referred to an appropriate specialist for the kind of intervention their child needs. Some of these include:
- Occupational therapy for needs pertaining to fine motor skills, poor attention, and daily living skills.
- Physical therapy for problems on muscles and gross motor skills.
- Speech therapy for problems in speech, communication and other language disorders.
- Special education (SPED) for needs pertaining to pre-academics, academics, and practical life skills.
- Play therapy is for social and psychological issues.
- Social skills training programs address social skills deficiencies.
Do not think twice: have your child evaluated if you feel there is cause for concern. There is nothing to lose in asking. If you do not understand some of the things in a specialist's assessment of your child, ask questions.
You have to know exactly what is going on. Awareness is the first step in coping up with learning disability disorders.
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